Famed Ukrainian medic describes ‘hell’ of Russian captivity


KYIV, Ukraine (AP) — The captive Ukrainian medic’s eyeglasses had lengthy since been taken away, and the face of the Russian man strolling previous her was a blur.

Yuliia Paievska knew solely that her life was being traded for his, and that she was abandoning 21 ladies in a tiny three- by six-meter (10- by 20-foot) jail cell they’d shared for what felt like an eternity. Her pleasure and aid was tempered by the sense that she was abandoning them to an unsure destiny.

Earlier than she was captured, Paievska, higher recognized all through Ukraine as Taira, had recorded greater than 256 gigabytes of harrowing bodycam footage displaying her staff’s efforts to avoid wasting the wounded within the besieged metropolis of Mariupol. She received the footage to Related Press journalists, the final worldwide staff in Mariupol, on a tiny information card.

The journalists fled town on March 15 with the cardboard embedded inside a tampon, carrying it via 15 Russian checkpoints. The following day, Taira was taken by pro-Russia forces.

Three months handed earlier than she emerged on June 17, skinny and haggard, her athlete’s physique greater than 10 kilograms (22 kilos) lighter from lack of nourishment and exercise. She stated the AP report that confirmed her caring for Russian and Ukrainian troopers alike, together with civilians of Mariupol, was important to her launch.

She chooses her phrases fastidiously when discussing the day she was taken captive, and is much more cautious when discussing the jail for worry of endangering the Ukrainians nonetheless there. However she is unequivocal in regards to the affect of the video launched by the AP.

“You bought this flash drive out and I thanks,” she stated in Kyiv to an AP staff that included the journalists in Mariupol. “Due to you, I may go away this hell. Due to everybody concerned within the trade.”

She nonetheless feels responsible about these she left behind and stated she is going to strive her finest to assist free them.

“They’re all I take into consideration,” she stated. “Each time I seize a cup of espresso or gentle a cigarette, my conscience pains me as a result of they’ll’t.”

Taira, 53, is one among hundreds of Ukrainians believed to have been taken prisoner by Russian forces. Mariupol’s mayor stated lately that 10,000 folks from his metropolis alone have disappeared both by seize or whereas attempting to flee. The Geneva Conventions single out medics, each navy and civilian, for defense “in all circumstance.

Taira is an outsized persona in Ukraine, famed for her work coaching subject medics and immediately recognizable by her shock of blond hair and the tattoos that circle each arms. Her launch was introduced by Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy.

Regardless of the burden loss and all she has endured, she remains to be vibrant. She smokes continuously, lighting one cigarette after one other as if attempting to make up for the three months she had none. She speaks quietly, with out malice, and her frequent smiles gentle her face deep into her brown eyes.

A demobilized navy medic who suffered again and hip accidents lengthy earlier than the Russian invasion, Taira can also be a member of the Ukraine’s Invictus Video games staff. She had deliberate to compete this April in archery and swimming, and her 19-year-old daughter was permitted to compete in her place as a substitute.

Taira acquired the physique digicam in 2021 to movie for a Netflix documentary collection on inspirational figures being produced by Britain’s Prince Harry, who based the Invictus Video games. However when Russian forces invaded in February, she educated the lens on scenes of conflict.

The digicam was on when she intervened to deal with a wounded Russian soldier, whom she known as “sunshine,” as she does practically everybody who comes into her life. She chronicled the demise of a boy and the profitable effort to avoid wasting his sister, who’s now one among Mariupol’s many orphans. On that day, she collapsed towards a wall and wept.

Reviewing the video, she stated it was a uncommon lack of management.

“If I cried on a regular basis, I wouldn’t have time to cope with the wounded. So throughout the conflict, in fact, I grew to become a bit of tougher,” she stated. “I shouldn’t have proven that I used to be breaking down. … We are able to mourn later.”

The kids weren’t the primary or the final she handled, she stated. However they have been half of a bigger loss for Ukraine.

“My coronary heart bleeds after I give it some thought, after I bear in mind how town died. It died like an individual — it was agonizing,” she stated. “It seems like when an individual is dying and you’ll’t do something to assist, the identical manner.”

Hours earlier than Taira was captured, Russian airstrikes hit the Mariupol theater, town’s predominant bomb shelter. Lots of died. That very same day, the Neptune pool, one other bomb shelter, was additionally hit.

Taira gathered a gaggle of 20 folks hiding in her hospital’s basement, largely kids, right into a small yellow bus to take them away from Mariupol. The town middle was on the verge of falling, and Russian checkpoints blocked all of the roads main out.

That’s when the Russians noticed her.

“They acknowledged me. They went away, made a name, got here again,” she stated. “So far as I can inform, they already had a plan.”

She believes the kids made it to security. She avoids disclosing particulars about that day for causes she stated she couldn’t totally clarify.

However she appeared 5 days in a while a Russian information broadcast that introduced her seize, accusing her of attempting to flee town in disguise.

On the video, Taira appears to be like groggy, and her face is bruised. As she reads a press release ready for her, a voiceover derides her as a Nazi.

Contained in the jail system, detainees have been subjected to the identical type of propaganda, she stated. They heard that Ukraine had fallen, that the Parliament and Cupboard had been dissolved, that town of Kyiv was below Russian management, that everybody within the authorities had fled.

“And many individuals began to imagine it. You’ve seen how this occurs below the affect of propaganda? Folks begin to despair,” Taira stated. “I didn’t imagine it, as a result of I do know it’s silly to imagine the enemy.”

Day-after-day, they have been pressured to sing the Russian nationwide anthem — twice, thrice, typically 20 or 30 occasions if guards didn’t like their conduct. She hates the anthem much more now, however talks about it with a flash of humor and defiance.

“I discovered it a plus as a result of I’ve at all times needed to study to sing — then out of the blue I had the time and a purpose to follow,” she stated. “And it seems that I can sing.”

Her jailers within the Russian-controlled Donetsk area pressured her to admit to killing males, ladies, kids. Then they began on accusations of organ trafficking that she discovered insulting of their absurdity.

“Seized organs on the battlefield. Do you may have any thought how sophisticated this operation is?” she requested, dismissing the allegation with a short profanity. “It’s invented, an enormous fabrication.”

She admitted nothing.

“I’m terribly cussed by nature. And if I’m accused of one thing I haven’t performed, I received’t confess for something. You may shoot me, however I received’t confess,” she stated.

After infinite, repetitive putrid weeks damaged solely by salt-free porridge with bacon, packets of reconstituted mashed potatoes, cabbage soup and a few canned fish, Taira discovered herself within the three- by six-meter (10- by 20-foot) cell with 21 different ladies, 10 cots and little or no else. They have been held in a most safety jail with no trial and no conviction.

She will not go into particulars about how they have been handled, however stated they’d no details about their households, no toothbrushes, few possibilities to scrub. Her well being began to fail.

“I’m not 20 years outdated anymore and this physique can take lower than it used to,” she stated ruefully. “The therapy was very arduous, very tough. … The ladies and I have been all exhausted.”

Taira’s expertise is per Russia’s repeated violations of worldwide humanitarian regulation on tips on how to deal with detained civilians and prisoners of conflict, stated Oleksandra Matviichuk, head of Ukraine’s Middle for Civil Liberties.

“Earlier than the large-scale invasion, Russia tried to cover this violation. They tried to faux they don’t seem to be concerned on this violation,” she stated. “Now, Russia doesn’t care.”

At one level, one among her jailers got here to her and stated he’d seen a video of her abusing a Russian soldier. She knew that wasn’t doable and demanded to see the video, however was refused.

Now, trying on the picture of her tenderly wrapping a Russian soldier in a blanket, she is aware of it was one more lie.

“That is the video, right here it’s. I actually handled everybody this fashion, introduced them in, we stabilized them, did every part that was essential,” she stated.

At one other level close to the tip of her captivity, somebody introduced her out for what she assumed was one more pointless interrogation. As an alternative, there was a digicam.

“I used to be requested to file a video saying I used to be fantastic, the meals is OK, the situations are OK,” she stated. It was a lie, she added, however she noticed no hurt on this one. “After this video, they instructed me, perhaps you’ll be exchanged.”

Then she went again to her cell to attend. She had goals of strolling free that felt true. However she tried to not really feel an excessive amount of hope, in order that she would not be crushed if it didn’t occur.

Extra time handed till she was lastly allowed out, blindly passing the Russian prisoner exchanged for her.

On a latest day within the Ukrainian capital, Taira headed to the Kyiv archery vary deep in an deserted Soviet-era manufacturing facility. She embraced her coach and different athletes there, then settled into coaching for the primary time since earlier than the conflict.

Her photographs have been exactly aimed on the paper goal, hitting the bullseye. However she needed to lean on a help for her continual accidents, and he or she drained shortly. She retreated to a cavernous workshop to chain smoke, tapping the ashes right into a steel can and gazing out the window.

Her husband, Vadim Puzanov, stated Taira remained basically the identical regardless of three months of captivity and is open about what she endured.

“Maybe there might be long-term penalties, however she is stuffed with plans,” he stated. “She is shifting on.”

These plans are clear and prioritized: Get better her well being, participate in subsequent 12 months’s Invictus Video games, and write a ebook, a kind of self-help for folks she hopes won’t ever want the recommendation. She smiled calmly as she defined.

“I plan to place collectively details about life in captivity,” she stated. “How ought to they behave? How you can create situations to make it simpler to endure? What’s the psychology?”

Requested if she had feared demise in captivity, Taira stated it was a query her jailers requested usually, and he or she had a prepared reply.

“I stated no as a result of I’m proper with God,” she instructed them. “However you might be positively going to hell.”


Related Press author Sarah El Deeb contributed from Beirut.


Observe the AP’s protection of the conflict at https://apnews.com/hub/russia-ukraine

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